By Dibussi Tande
In 2015, Boko Haram carried out 34 separate suicide attacks in Cameroon, killing about 200 people and injuring close to 400.
In July 2015, Boko Haram carried out its first ever suicide attack on Cameroonian soil. This event marked a new phase in Boko Haram’s ever-evolving strategy of confrontation with Cameroon.
Security forces carrying away a victim after the first Maroua attack (c) AFP
The first phase of that confrontation had been characterized by regular cross border incursions into Cameroon, with the first officially acknowledged incursion occurring on April 10 2012 in the town of Banki.
The second phase involved the kidnapping of locals and foreigners primarily for ransom. Some high-profile foreign captives included the Moulin-Fournier family, kidnapped in February 2013, Father Georges Vandenbeusch kidnapped in November 2013, two Italian priests and a Canadia nun captured in April 2014, and nine Chinese workers captured in May 2014. The most prominent Cameroonian captives included Françoise-Agnès Moukouri, wife of Cameroon’s Vice Prime Minister Ahmadou Ali, and Seini Boukar Lamine, the Lamido of Kolofata, both captured in July 2014 in Kolofata.